During winter, when the sky is clear, we can often witness northern lights above Whitehorse, YT. I wanted to capture these aurora events and share them with family and friends so I decided to create a camera that would live stream a view the sky on the internet.
I borrowed the idea from AuroraMax but I didn’t want to spend too much money in the construction so I chose to use a small USB camera instead of a large and expensive DSLR. I was inspired by Martin Lewis all sky camera which he built using an ASI120 astronomy camera. This camera uses USB to communicate with a computer. The maximum length for USB 2.0 cables is around 5m. This means that your camera can’t be more than 5 meters away from your computer. This is somewhat limiting when you want to put a camera on a roof. Instead, I decided to bring the computer inside the camera enclosure by using a small but fairly powerful computer. i.e. a Raspberry Pi 2. I added a USB wifi dongle to transfer images from the computer to the wireless router.
The enclosure of the camera consists of a 4″ ABS pipe with 1 end cap and 1 threaded end cap. A hole is cut in the top one to accommodate the lens and an acrylic dome is screwed over the lens. The bottom cap can be open to access the computer and camera.
Only a main power cable comes out of the camera. The maximum distance of the device is only dictated by the range of your wifi.
The camera starts at civil sunset, captures a 5second exposure image every 10 seconds and uploads it to a page on this website. It stops the capture at civil sunrise. After that, it generates a time lapse video of the night and uploads it as well.
This is an example of what a time lapse looks like.